It is an evaluation of cognitive functioning (i.e. information processing) via the administration of neuropsychological tests. Neuropsychological assessment is recommended when someone has suffered a brain injury or is suspected of having a neurological disorder. As a result of the injury or disorder, the person may experience deficits in their thinking, memory, speech, personality, and other behaviors, which interferes with their normal daily life. Consequently,
neuropsychological assessment can assist in evaluating the impact on a person's functioning as a result of injury or neurological disease and offer treatment recommendations to improve functioning.
When someone displays impairment in functioning that is significant enough to impact their daily life, a neuropsychological evaluation may be necessary. Some behaviors or symptoms that may indicate impairment are: